Pop. Imports dominate and include iron ore, coking coal, and crude and refined oil. Upon the extinction of the Counts of Flanders with the death of Louis II in 1384, Flanders was acquired by the Burgundian, Duke Philip the Bold. Dunkirk is a commune in Nord, a French department in northern France. [citation needed] The fortress, under the command of German Admiral Friedrich Frisius, eventually unconditionally surrendered to the commander of the Czechoslovak forces, Brigade General Alois Liška, on 9 May 1945. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Dunkirk-France, Dunkirk - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). 665 Squadron RCAF. 652 Squadron RAF, and No. In June 1792 the French astronomers Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre and Pierre François André Méchain set out to measure the meridian arc distance from Dunkirk to Barcelona, two cities lying on approximately the same longitude as each other and also the longitude through Paris. An additional fort was built in 1701 called Fort Blanc. Dunkirk, French Dunkerque, town and seaport, Nord département, Hauts-de-France région, northern France. Find out where Dunkirk is streaming, if Dunkirk is on Netflix, and get news and updates, on Decider. The railway line from Dunkirk to De Panne and Adinkerke, Belgium, is closed and has been dismantled in places. More than 400,000 soldiers were trapped in the pocket as the German Army closed in for the kill. It has the third-largest French harbour. Wenn man sich den Film »Dunkirk« ansieht, wird man sehr schnell merken, dass er sich merklich von den üblichen Kriegsfilmen abhebt. [14], The city also has its own flag, made up of six horizontal stripes of alternate white and azure blue.[14]. Jean Bart was the most famous. Dunkirk’s service sector is still underdeveloped, although the port has stimulated the growth of transport-related activities, and the town is home to a branch of the Opal Coast University, located in the former docklands. [17], On 14 December 2002, the Norwegian car carrier MV Tricolor collided with the Bahamian-registered Kariba and sank off Dunkirk Harbour, causing a hazard to navigation in the English Channel. The writer Robert W. Service, then a war correspondent for the Toronto Star, was mistakenly arrested as a spy and narrowly avoided being executed out of hand. [9], In January, 1916, a spy scare took place in Dunkirk. Dunkirk lies just south-east of the Cheshire border. As a strategic point, Dunkirk has always been exposed to political greed, by Duke Robert I of Bar in 1395, by Louis de Luxembourg in 1435 and finally by the Austrian archduke Maximilian I of Habsburg, who in 1477 married Mary of Burgundy, sole heiress of late Duke Charles the Bold. Omissions? Assessing the situation, von Rundstedt advocated holding his armor west and south of Dunkirk, as the marshy terrain was unsuitable for armored operations and many units were worn down from advance west. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. As Maximilian was the son of Emperor Frederick III, all Flanders was immediately seized by King Louis XI of France. The belfry, originally the western tower of the Church of Saint-Eloi, at Dunkirk, France. However, Hitler exercised restraint at Dunkirk, halting his panzer tanks short of the seaport only days before the evacuation. France 1646–1652 The commune has grown substantially by absorbing several neighbouring communes: Dunkirk has the third-largest harbour in France, after those of Le Havre and Marseille. The British Expeditionary Force being surrounded by invading Germans at Dunkirk and evacuated from France by a motley rescue fleet of military ships and private boats; from. Until the middle of the 20th century, French Flemish (the local variety of the Dutch language) was commonly spoken in Dunkirk; it has largely been forsaken, although it can still be heard. In exchange for another lockdown, we need to see greater action, innovation and a timetable for rolling out the vaccine Dunkirk (UK: /dʌnˈkɜːrk/, US: /ˈdʌnkɜːrk/;[3][4] French: Dunkerque [dœ̃kɛʁk] (listen); French Flemish: Duunkerke; Dutch: Duinkerke(n) [ˈdœynkɛrkə(n)] (listen)) is a commune in Nord, a French department in northern France. 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