Average depth is 21 feet (6.4 m), reaching a maximum of 174 feet (53 m). There are several magazines and publications that cover topics directly related to the Chesapeake Bay and life and tourism within the Bay region. Vice Admiral Marriot Arbuthnot, commanding the British fleet, did not fear to engage the French at sea, especially after reinforcements under Rear Admiral Thomas Graves arrived hard on the heels of the enemy force. Chesapeake definition, a U.S. frigate boarded in 1807 by the British, who removed part of its crew and impressed some members into British service: captured by the British in naval battle near Boston in 1813. Journal of Physical Oceanography. Chesapeake Bay - a large inlet of the North Atlantic between Virginia and Maryland; fed by Susquehanna River The freshwater zone runs from the mouth of the Susquehanna River to north Baltimore. Proper usage and audio pronunciation (plus IPA phonetic transcription) of the word Chesapeake Bay. An inlet of the Atlantic Ocean separating the Delmarva Peninsula from mainland Maryland and Virginia. Does “Bimonthly” Mean Twice A Month Or Every Two Months? It is highly invasive, and has the potential to flourish in the low-salinity tidal waters of the Chesapeake Bay. The Chesapeake Bay is very large. As sea levels rise and historically significant areas are sunk and covered in sediment, the MMAP relies on various pieces of equipment to locate these man-made anomalies but also ensure that the material being examined is kept intact. Chesapeake Bay - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. That's the problem with the Chesapeake. It is a relatively quiet, prosperous city, with 7 (soon to be 8) school districts, and it is growing rapidly. It is not a fjord, as the Laurentide Ice Sheet never reached as far south as the northernmost point on the bay. Along with environmental factors, the bay has been negatively impacted by humans since being settled in the 17th century, bringing with them problems like pollution, construction, and destruction of the environment. [6][7] Efforts to repopulate the Bay using oyster hatcheries have been carried out by a group called the Oyster Recovery Partnership, with some success. [73], The Chesapeake Bay is already experiencing the effects of climate change. Using marine magnetometers(detects iron/absent space), side-scan sonar,(detects objects on sea floor), along with precise global positioning systems, Langley and the MMAP have been much more successful in locating submerged archaeological sites. Definition of chesapeake bay retriever in the Definitions.net dictionary. Journal of Physical Oceanography. Rockfish can now be fished in strictly controlled and limited quantities. The Chesapeake Bay Bridge–Tunnel, connecting Virginia's Eastern Shore with its mainland (at the metropolitan areas of Virginia Beach, Norfolk, Portsmouth, and Chesapeake), is approximately 20 miles (32 km) long; it has trestle bridges as well as two stretches of two-mile-long (3.2 km) tunnels that allow unimpeded shipping; the bridge is supported by four 5.25-acre (21,200 m2) man-made islands. Larger fish such as Atlantic sturgeon,[20] varieties of sharks,[21][22] and stingrays visit the Chesapeake Bay. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Information and translations of chesapeake bay in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Mehr sehen » Souveränität Unter dem Begriff Souveränität (aus mittellateinisch superanus ‚darüber befindlich‘, ‚überlegen‘) versteht man in der Rechtswissenschaft die Fähigkeit einer natürlichen oder juristischen Person zu ausschließlicher rechtlicher ''Selbstbestimmung''. The Bay and the rivers and streams that feed it make up an impressive watershed, which: is the largest estuary in United States and the third largest in the world; supports more than 18 million people who live, work, and play within the watershed (10 million of these live along or near the Bay's shores); See more. [3] Parts of the Bay, especially the Calvert County, Maryland, coastline, are lined by cliffs composed of deposits from receding waters millions of years ago. The colonists refused to pay the tax and after a few days of public meetings, the colonists decided to burn Peggy Stewart and the contents of it. This map shows average chlorophyll a concentrations in Chesapeake Bay from March to September. It does not, Rudes said. A report in 2011 suggested that information on underwater grasses would be released, because "submerged grasses provide food and habitat for a number of species, adding oxygen to the water and improving water clarity. [86] Chesapeake Bay Magazine and PropTalk focus on powerboating, while SpinSheet focuses on sailing. "[70], Restoration efforts that began in the 1990s have continued into the 21st century and show potential for growth of the native oyster population. May 2009. The resulting loss of aquatic vegetation has depleted the habitat for much of the Bay's animal life. The largest rivers flowing directly into the Bay, from north to south, are: The Chesapeake Bay is home to numerous fauna that either migrate to the Bay at some point during the year or live there year-round. The Chesapeake Bay is one of the world’s great natural resources. [2] With its northern portion in Maryland and the southern part in Virginia, the Chesapeake Bay is a very important feature for the ecology and economy of those two states, as well as others surrounding within its watershed. 199,000 | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The boundaries set forth in §B of this regulation are designated as official dividing lines of the Chesapeake Bay, sounds and straits. 413–421. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family {{familyColorButtonText(colorFamily.name)}} usa, aerial photograph of the chesapeake bay bridge tunnel - chesapeake bay bridge stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images . Starting in 1978, there were numerous expeditions launched in hopes of successfully discovering what was left of the Chesapeake Bay Flotilla. Chesapeake definition: city in SE Va., at the base of Chesapeake Bay : pop. [35] Invasive plants have taken a significant foothold in the Bay; plants such as Brazilian waterweed, native to South America, have spread to most continents with the help of aquarium owners, who often dump the contents of their aquariums into nearby lakes and streams. Oysters are hermaphroditic and will change gender at least once during their lifetime, often starting as male and ending as female; there are numerous ways to cook and eat them, as well as recipes and sauces to accompany oyster dishes. There is some controversy surrounding these findings, many anthropologists have disputed, this claiming that the environment and setting makes properly identifying the origins of these artifacts nearly impossible. The Bay's geology, its present form, and its very location were created by a bolide impact event at the end of the Eocene (about 35.5 million years ago), forming the Chesapeake Bay impact crater and much later the Susquehanna River valley. Meaning of chesapeake bay. The Bay would again see conflict during War of 1812. [43] Because of economic hardships and civil strife in the "Mother Land", there was a mass migration of southern English Cavaliers and their servants to the Chesapeake Bay region between 1640 and 1675, to both of the new colonies of the Province of Virginia and the Province of Maryland. [60], One particularly harmful source of toxicity is Pfiesteria piscicida, which can affect both fish and humans. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition [5], The primary problem is overharvesting. Domes S., Lewis M., Moran R., Nyman D.. “Chesapeake Bay Wetlands”. Bottlenose dolphins are known to live seasonally/yearly in the Bay. "Is it time we put the ailing Bay on diet?". 5 .06 Dividing Lines of the Chesapeake Bay, Sounds and Straits. During the later half of the 19th century and first half of the 20th century, the Bay was plied by passenger steamships and packet boat lines connecting the various cities on it, notably the Baltimore Steam Packet Company ("Old Bay Line"). Common submerged aquatic vegetation includes eelgrass and widgeon grass. [58], The pollution entering the bay has multiple components that contribute to the algal bloom, principally the nutrients phosphorus and nitrogen. [64] The Bay's oyster industry has also suffered from two diseases: MSX and Dermo.[67]. While Diego Gutiérrez first depicted the Chesapeake Bay, named Bahia de Santa Maria, on his map in 1562, a variation of its current name, Chesapiooc Sinus, was printed for the first time on a 1590 map by John White. 225–232. "[34] Other vegetation that makes its home in other parts of the Bay are wild rice, various trees like the red maple, loblolly pine and bald cypress, and spartina grass and phragmites. Bay definition is - reddish brown. Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. [81], The Chesapeake Bay Flotilla , which was constructed using shallow barges and ships to provide a blockade to the British during the War of 1812. Definition of chesapeake bay in the Definitions.net dictionary. [2] An estimate in 2006 from a "blue ribbon panel" said cleanup costs would be $15 billion. As we just learned, bays can be found in many parts of the world. The British defeat enabled General George Washington and his French allied armies under Comte de Rochambeau to march down from New York and bottle up the rampaging southern British Army of Lord Cornwallis from the North and South Carolinas at the siege of Battle of Yorktown in Yorktown, Virginia. [84], Maryland has controlled the majority of underwater archaeology research around the Chesapeake Bay, however Virginia's Department of Historic Resources have had a State Underwater Archaeologist since the 1970s. After holding strong for some months, the British eventually dispersed the flotilla and dozens of these vessels were burnt and sunk. Various local K-12 schools in the Maryland and Virginia region often have programs that cultivate native bay grasses and plant them in the Bay. As a result, tourism has a notable impact on Maryland's economy. Lax government regulations allow anyone with a license to remove oysters from state-owned beds, and although limits are set, they are not strongly enforced. The Boston Globe wrote that Wisner "always tried to capture the voice of the water and the sky, of the rocks and the trees, of the fish and the birds, of the gods of nature he believed still watched over it all. There were so-called "Oyster Wars" in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It runs from the mouth of the Rappahannock River to the mouth of the Bay. It is not a fjord, because the Laurentide Ice Sheet never reached as far south as the northernmost point on the Bay. Hypoxia results in part from large algal blooms, which are nourished by the runoff of residential, farm and industrial waste throughout the watershed. The inherent strength of the British defens… Or do you just have an interest in foreign languages? Salinity varies from 0.5 ppt (parts per thousand) to 10 ppt, and freshwater species can survive there. The Bay is approximately 200 miles (320 km) long from its northern headwaters in the Susquehanna River to its outlet in the Atlantic Ocean. Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. In the middle of the 20th century, the Bay supported 9,000 full-time watermen, according to one account. Until the mid-20th century, oyster harvesting rivaled the crab industry among Chesapeake watermen, a dwindling breed whose skipjacks and other workboats were supplanted by recreational craft in the latter part of the century.[44]. What does chesapeake bay retriever mean? "[92] He was known as the Bard of the Chesapeake Bay. [64] The overharvesting of oysters has made it difficult for them to reproduce, which requires close proximity to one another. What are synonyms for Chesapeake Bay? Vol. While Diego Gutiérrez first depicted the Chesapeake Bay, named Bahia de Santa Maria, on his map in 1562, a variation of its current name, Chesapiooc Sinus, was printed for the first time on a 1590 map by John White. Chesapeake definition, a U.S. frigate boarded in 1807 by the British, who removed part of its crew and impressed some members into British service: captured by the British in … [52] Fishing, crabbing, swimming, boating, kayaking,[18] and sailing are extremely popular activities enjoyed on the waters of the Chesapeake Bay. Chesapeake Bay retriever definition is - any of a breed of powerful brown sporting dogs developed in Maryland and having a dense oily water-shedding coat. With a size of over 64,000 square miles, it stretches across six different states on the eastern side of our country. Bay Definition, Map No. Collins English Dictionary. [71] Scientists from the Virginia Institute of Marine Science at the College of William & Mary claim that experimental reefs created in 2004 now house 180 million native oysters, Crassostrea virginica, which is far fewer than the billions that once existed. The main forcing of the CBBT tides are typical, semi-diurnal ocean tides that the East Coast of the United States experiences. [8] The bay is experiencing other environmental concerns, including climate change which is causing sea level rise that erodes coastal areas and infrastructure and changes to the marine ecosystem. The San Francisco Bay is located on the western side of the United States in California. [65] The harvest's gross value decreased 88% from 1982 to 2007. The Bay was formed starting about 10,000 years ago when rising sea levels at the end of the last ice age flooded the Susquehanna River valley. Unfortunately, following the publicity of these sunken ships, many divers have taken it upon themselves to explore the wreckage for 'treasure'.[85]. “Capital” vs. “Capitol”: Do You Know Where You’re Going? Browse 335 chesapeake bay bridge stock photos and images available, or search for chesapeake bay bridge tunnel to find more great stock photos and pictures. chesapeake bay stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images Their marching route from Newport, Rhode Island through Connecticut, New York State, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware to the "Head of Elk" by the Susquehanna River along the shores and also partially sailing down the Bay to Virginia. This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 16:20. Blue crab continues to be an especially popular regional specialty. The salinity ranges from 1.87% to 3.6%. The Bay and the rivers and streams that feed it make up an impressive watershed, which: is the largest estuary in United States and the third largest in the world; supports more than 18 million people who live, work, and play within the watershed (10 million of these live along or near the Bay's shores); What are synonyms for Chesapeake Bay? Unable to accurately carbon date the stone tool, archaeologists looked at similar styles of blade carving in order to gauge when it was made. [63], While the Bay's salinity is ideal for oysters and the oyster fishery was at one time the Bay's most commercially viable,[64] the population has in the last fifty years been devastated. Geology. Lexicographical Neighbors of Chesapeake Bay. All Free. Large bay on the Atlantic Ocean in the states of Maryland and Virginia. Known for both its beauty and bounty, the Bay has become "emptier", with fewer crabs, oysters and watermen (fishermen) since the mid-20th century. During the year of 1813, from their base on Tangier Island, British naval forces under the command of Admiral George Cockburn raided several towns on the shores of the Chesapeake, treating the Bay as if it were a "British Lake". The boundaries set forth in §B of this regulation are designated as official dividing lines of the Chesapeake Bay, sounds and straits. The oligohaline zone has very little salt. Dictionary.com Unabridged What Is The Difference Between “It’s” And “Its”? Elliott. Chesapeake Bay Watershed: A Basinwide Framework Report and Documentation from the Chesapeake Bay Program Water Quality Goal Implementation Team’s BMP Verification Committee . [38] Spanish explorer Lucas Vásquez de Ayllón sent an expedition out from Hispaniola in 1525 that reached the mouths of the Chesapeake and Delaware Bays. The manatee, recognizable due to distinct markings on its body, was nicknamed "Chessie" after a legendary sea monster that was allegedly sighted in the Bay during the 20th century. In 2016 the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) stated that the upgrades "have resulted in steep reductions in nitrogen and phosphorus pollution... despite increases in human population and wastewater volume. 5466 [109th] Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail Designation Act", "Fishing at the Chesapeake Bay Bridge Tunnel", "William W. Warner, Chesapeake Bay Author, Dies at 88", "Oyster Restoration Projected to Provide Significant Boost to Bay Grasses While Removing Nitrogen Pollution from the Bay", "Chesapeake Bay Executive Order | Targeting Resources to Better Protect the Chesapeake Bay is Aim of U.S. Department of Agriculture's 202(b) Report", "A Treasure Chest of Fun on Chesapeake Bay", "Amish Farming Draws Rare Government Scrutiny", "Bad Water and the Decline of Blue Crabs in the Chesapeake Bay", "Failing the Chesapeake Bay – Broken Promises on the Bay", "Two Million Dead Fish Appear in Chesapeake Bay", "Estimating Net Present Value in the Northern Chesapeake Bay Oyster Fishery", "In Maryland, Focus on Poultry Industry Pollution", "Chesapeake Bay Progress: Wastewater Pollution Reduction Leads the Way", Oysters Are on the Rebound in the Chesapeake Bay, "Climate change already affecting Chesapeake Bay region", "After decades of waterfront living, climate change is forcing communities to plan their retreat from the coasts", United States Environmental Protection Agency, "Underwater Archaeology: History From the Deep", "Fisherman Pulls Up Beastly Evidence of Early Americans", "Revolutionary War shipwrecks near Yorktown getting their first good look in years", "Tom Wisner; Chesapeake Bay served as bard's muse; at 79", Crawford, S. 2012. Chesapeake Bay, inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, c.200 mi (320 km) long, from 3 to 30 mi (4.8–48 km) wide, and 3,237 sq mi (8,384 sq km), separating the Delmarva Delmarva, peninsula, c.180 mi (290 km) long, separating Chesapeake Bay on the west from Delaware Bay and the Atlantic Ocean on the east; named for the three states (Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia) located in part on it. To isolate the role of resuspension on Chesapeake Bay biogeochemistry, results from the Reference model runs described above were … Meaning of chesapeake bay retriever. One particular obstacle to cleaning up the Bay is that much of the polluting substances are discharged far upstream in tributaries lying within states far removed from the Bay: New York and Pennsylvania. On 11 July 1780, a French squadron of seven ships of the line, transports carrying around five thousand French soldiers, and supporting vessels anchored at Newport, Rhode Island. Partners work together through the Bay Program’s goal teams, workgroups and committees to collaborate, share information and set goals. A busy shipping channel (dredged by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers since the 1850s) runs the length of the Bay, is an important transit route for large vessels entering or leaving the Port of Baltimore, and further north through the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal to the ports of Wilmington and Philadelphia on the Delaware River. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? [83] In 1949, after the Nazi's defeat in World War 2, the United States seized a German U-1105 built with sonar-evading rubber sheathing for study purposes. Beds of eelgrass, the dominant variety in the southern Chesapeake Bay, have shrunk by more than half there since the early 1970s. B. 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