So far 6,119 health workers have been vaccinated in the state. Current Science, 89 (8): 1331–1338.  In the revolt of 1857, or first Indian war of independence, arising from a number of grievances against the British, the people of the hill states were not as politically active as were those in other parts of the country.  Shimla, the state's capital, is home to Asia's only natural ice-skating rink. Climate Of Himachal Pradesh & Best Months To Plan A Trip. The state shares a border to the east with the Tibet Autonomous Region in China.  The main cereals grown include wheat, maize, rice and barley with major cropping systems being maize-wheat, rice-wheat and maize-potato-wheat. The climate varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450–900 metres) in the southern low tracts, warm and temperate (900–1800 metres), cool and temperate (1900–2400 metres) and cold glacial and alpine (2400–4800 metres) in the northern and eastern high elevated mountain … Traditional and Vernacular buildings in contrast to Modern buildings constructed in 20th century are more climate-receptive; the climate-responsive architecture originates in the pre-industrial era before the introduction of air-conditioning and electric lighting. In Kerala, weather is usually tropical with almost no dry spells. Himachal Pradesh Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. (HPMC) is a state body that markets fresh and processed fruits. The climate ranges from warm and sub-humid tropical at low altitudes to cold and icy at high altitudes.  During World War I, virtually all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort, both in the form of men and materials.  The former has served six terms as the Chief Minister of the state while the latter is a two-time Chief Minister. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja), 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over, Employment generated in government sector, Bhanupali (Punjab) - Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 16:30. Thank you for subscribing to our daily newsletter. Maharashtra home minister Anil Deshmukh said the state government was taking legal opinion on the possibility of action against Arnab Goswami under the 1923 Official Secrets because of the WhatsApp conversation related to national security. Himachal Pradesh reports 381 bird deaths; central team reaches Kerala to assess avian influenza situation Congress slams Modi government for … Himachal is also known for its adventure tourism activities like ice skating in Shimla, paragliding in Bir Billing and Solang valley, rafting in Kullu, skiing in Manali, boating in Bilaspur and trekking, horse riding and fishing in different parts in the state. , Himachal is also said to be the fruit bowl of the country, with orchards being widespread. Further, during peak winter months, the snow cover area has reduced gradually from February onwards which may affect the runoff patterns during the summer months.  Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. During 2019-20 snowfall was estimated and analysed with reference to the average value of the total area under snow in each month from October to May in 2018-19, he added. However, Raja Ram Singh, Raja of Siba State, captured the fort of Siba from the remnants of Lahore Darbar in Samvat 1846, during the First Anglo-Sikh War.  By 2011, the literacy rate surged to over 82%, making Himachal one of the most-literate states in the country.  Of late, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country.  As of 2018, Himachal is the 22nd-largest state economy in India with ₹1.52 lakh crore (US$21 billion) in gross domestic product and has the 13th-highest per capita income (₹160,000 (US$2,200)) among the states and union territories of India. A special Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) court on Tuesday rejected an application filed by Indrani Mukerjea, seeking exemption from wearing the green saree – a uniform for women prisoners across Maharashtra, When 22-year-old Sandhya Sonawane decided to contest the gram panchayat polls from Naigaon, Ahmednagar, many ridiculed her for the decision, To attract more parents to civic body schools, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation’s (BMC) education department has proposed to start 10 Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) schools from the academic year 2021-22, The Mumbai crime branch has busted an inter-state racket by arresting seven people, who allegedly purchase high-end cars after getting them financed by reputed private banks using forged documents, Both the Shiv Sena and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) on Tuesday claimed they had won the highest number of gram panchayats (village council), as results to the elections to 12,711 gram panchayats that went to polls on January 15 were announced. If you have visited any of these places, we would like to know what about it appealed to you the most. The state government has also decided to start three major nursing colleges to develop the healthcare system of the state.  The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998.  It is an electrified track since 1999. The crude death rate was 6.9 in 2010. Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh is a state in Northern India. The State itself is a post-independence creation. , Himachal Pradesh was one of the few states that had remained largely untouched by external customs, largely due to its difficult terrain. After the winter season, the hillsides and orchards bloom with wild flowers, while gladiolas, carnations, marigolds, roses, chrysanthemums, tulips and lilies are carefully cultivated. climate conditions in himachal, himachal pradesh climate Climate of Himachal Pradesh : The Himalaya constitute the highest mountain system of the world.  The state bird of Himachal Pradesh is the Western tragopan, locally known as the jujurana. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles.  Lahaul-Spiti region of the state, being a cold desert, supports unique plants of medicinal value including Ferula jaeschkeana, Hyoscyamus niger, Lancea tibetica, and Saussurea bracteata. , Hinduism is the major religion in Himachal Pradesh.  The per capita income increased from ₹130,067 in 2015–16 to ₹147,277 in 2016–17. In the southern low tracks between an altitude of 400-900 it is hot sub humid type, between 900-1800m altitude warm & temperate, between 900-2400m cool & temperate, cold alpine & glacial above 2400- 4800m altitude. The Legislative Assembly was elected in 1952. Locally, it is called the Land of the Gods because of some popular Hindu temples of Hindu deities. , Other religions that form a small percentage are Islam, Sikhism and Buddhism. To address this, a workshop on ‘Endangered Medicinal Plant Species in Himachal Pradesh’ was held in 2002 and the conference was attended by forty experts from diverse disciplines.  According to a survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal Pradesh is India's least corrupt state.  The state is also referred to as "Dev Bhoomi" (literally meaning Abode of Gods) due to its mention as such in ancient Hindu texts and occurrence of a large number of historical temples in the state.. The state is one of the most literate states of India with a literacy rate of 83.78% as of 2011. "We expect that this number will grow. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. Himachal Pradesh is famous for its abundant natural beauty. Talking to ANI Balyan said the outbreak of Avian Influenza, which is commonly known as bird flu, is not a new thing in India and since 2015 every year during winters some … Himachal became the 18th state of the Indian Union with Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its first chief minister. , According to 2003 Forest Survey of India report, legally defined forest areas constitute 66.52% of the area of Himachal Pradesh.  The day-to-day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the rest of northern India with Punjabi and Tibetan influences. Vegetation of Himachal Pradesh The Forests of Himachal Pradesh known for their grandeur and majesty are like a green pearl in the Himalayan crown. Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. "snow-laden province") is a state in the northern part of India. This majestic bird is the state bird of Himachal Pradesh. The monsoon trough lies over Rajasthan, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Kolkata and the northeast Bay of Bengal on Sunday morning—near its normal position.  Some, including the rulers of Chamba, Bilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami, rendered help to the British government during the revolt. Western Pahari languages also known as Himachali languages are widely spoken in the state. These were known as the Simla Hills States and four Punjab southern hill states under the Himachal Pradesh (Administration) Order, 1948 under Sections 3 and 4 of the Extra-Provincial Jurisdiction Act, 1947 (later renamed as the Foreign Jurisdiction Act, 1947 vide A.O. Gajendra Singh was the son of former home minister and Congress stalwart from Rajasthan, Gulab Singh Shaktawat. Summer lasts from mid-April till the end of June and most parts become very hot (except in the alpine zone which experiences a mild summer) with the average temperature ranging from 28 to 32 °C (82 to 90 °F). of 1950).  The air routes connect the state with Delhi and Chandigarh. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India.  More than 50% of this expenditure was incurred on transport and communication; while the power sector got a share of just 4.6%, though it had steadily increased to 7% by the Third Plan. , The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. The season of winter begins in Himachal Pradesh in the month of November and lasts till March. , The era of planning in Himachal Pradesh started in 1951 along with the rest of India with the implementation of the first five-year plan. The annual rainfall of Himachal Pradesh is 2909 to 3800 mm. The climate varies across the state with the altitude.  Himachal's hydro-electric power production is however yet to be fully utilised.  The districts are further divided into 69 subdivisions, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils. Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital in Shimla, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College in Kangra, Rajiv Gandhi Government Post Graduate Ayurvedic College in Paprola and Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital in Kumarhatti are the prominent medical institutes in the state. Thus by using satellite data of different resolutions, it has now become possible to map the geographical extent of the area covered under snow during the winter season. Climate of Himachal Pradesh. Experiencing snowfall, the state gets covered with a thick blanket of snow during this season making it an ideal travel destination for snow lovers.  Himachali specialities include Siddu, Babru, Khatta, Mhanee, Channa Madra, Patrode, Mah Ki Dal, Chamba-Style Fried Fish, Kullu Trout, Chha Gosht, Pahadi Chicken, Sepu Badi, Auriya Kaddu, Aloo Palda, Pateer, Makki Ki Roti and Sarson Ka Saag, Chouck, Bhagjery and Chutney of Til. The most well known of these is the Himachali woolen cap.  The rich hydropower resources of Himachal have resulted in the state becoming almost universally electrified with around 94.8% houses receiving electricity as of 2001, as compared to the national average of 55.9%. The Highlands of Kerala, which is an area of major tourist attraction, enjoys a cool and invigorating climate the year-round . Himachal Pradesh is located in the Northern region of India. Muslims are mainly concentrated in Sirmaur, Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27% of the population. (2005) Health traditions of Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India. Go, explore and appreciate the beauty of these 12 places in Himachal Pradesh. The weather is humid in the plains and coastal areas. , The state government has played an instrumental role in the rise of literacy in the state by spending a significant proportion of the state's GDP on education. Leaders of all 40 farm unions which are taking part in the protest will meet three cabinet ministers of the government for the 10th round of talks this afternoon in an effort to end the impasse. The Cryospheric studies are important as the one-third part of the state is characterised by this great Himlayan reserve and the studies of which using any other conventional method is not possible due to the inaccessibility of this area. The state was declared India's second open-defecation-free state in 2016. Himachal Pradesh Forest Minister Rakesh Pathania had informed that 2,403 birds have died so far. Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins.  The colour of the Himachali caps has been an indicator of political loyalties in the hill state for a long period of time with Congress party leaders like Virbhadra Singh donning caps with green band and the rival BJP leader Prem Kumar Dhumal wearing a cap with maroon band.  According to the provisional estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, the annual apple production in Himachal for fiscal 2015–16 stood at 753,000 tonnes, making it India's second-largest apple-producing state after Jammu and Kashmir. Himachal Pradesh is spread across valleys with many perennial rivers flowing through them. , Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population as a lingua franca. The region also has some of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries in the world  The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes account for 25.19 per cent and 5.71 per cent of the population, respectively. The Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies, Indian Institute of Technology Mandi, Indian Institute of Management Sirmaur, Himachal Pradesh University in Shimla, Central University of Himachal Pradesh, Dharamsala, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology Una, Alakh Prakash Goyal University, Maharaja Agrasen University, Himachal Pradesh National Law University are some of the notable universities in the state.  Land husbandry initiatives such as the Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, which includes the Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project (HPRP), the world's largest clean development mechanism (CDM) undertaking, have improved agricultural yields and productivity, and raised rural household incomes. The governor is the head of state appointed by the President of India. The average maximum temperature hovers around 35°C, and the minimum temperature is around 28°C. However, the Nepali army could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809. Himalayan rivers criss-cross the entire mountain chain. The Kingdom of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768. This was a drastic increase from the 13% that was recorded in 2006–2007. The temperature varies from 0 … RAINFALL, CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH | HIMACHAL GENERAL KNOWLEDGE | HIMACHAL PARIKSHA RAINFALL, CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH Due to variation in elevation(350m-7025m) the climatic conditions are also variable in the state.The climatic conditions vary from hot and subhumid tropical in the south-west to temperate, …  The total fertility rate (TFR) per woman in 2015 stood at 1.7, one of the lowest in India. , The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. Jai Ram Thakur was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time in Shimla on 27 December 2017. During the first six five-year plans, most of the development expenditure in education sector was utilised in quantitative expansion, but after the seventh five-year-plan the state government switched emphasis on qualitative improvement and modernisation of education.  The GDP for fiscal 2015–16 was estimated at ₹1.110 trillion, which increased to ₹1.247 trillion in 2016–17, recording growth of 6.8%.  It is the main source of income and employment in Himachal.  Lentils (Dāl), rice (Chāwal or Bhāț), vegetables (Sabzī) and chapati (wheat flatbread) form the staple food of the local population. 10 BJP and two SP candidates are in the fray in the legislative council polls for 12 seats. Himachal is known for its narrow-gauge railways. Himachal Pradesh shares borders with the Union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to the north, and the states of Punjab to the west, Haryana to the southwest, and Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh to the south. , Most of the population, however, speak natively one or another of the Western Pahari languages (locally also known as Himachali or just Pahari), a subgroup of the Indo-Aryan languages that includes Bhattiyali, Bilaspuri, Chambeali, Churahi, Gaddi, Hinduri, Kangri, Kullu, Mahasu Pahari, Mandeali, Pahari Kinnauri, Pangwali, and Sirmauri. Snowy mountain range appears to be in sky. Kala, C.P. (2002) Medicinal Plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan Use of Medicinal Resources. This pheasant can be spotted in the higher reaches of Shimla, Kinnaur, Kangra, Kullu and Chamba mountains. Although neighbouring state Uttarakhand is famous as the land of the gods because of the major Hindu shrines like Badrinath( One of the Char Dham), Kedarnath, Adi- Kailasha, Origin of holy rivers like Ganges, Yamuna, Holy city Haridwar, Rishikesh etc.  Buddhist monasteries, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities.  Expenditure on agriculture and allied activities increased from 14.4% in the First Plan to 32% in the Third Plan, showing a progressive decline afterwards from 24% in the Fourth Plan to less than 10% in the Tenth Plan. , Apart from national fairs and festivals, there are regional fairs and festivals, including the temple fairs in nearly every region that are of great significance to Himachal Pradesh. The Assembly is unicameral with 68 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). , Himachal Pradesh also ranks as the second-best performing state in the country on human development indicators after Kerala. It came into being as a centrally administered territory on 15 April 1948 from the integration of thirty erstwhile princely states..  The state also has many important Hindu pilgrimage sites with prominent temples like Naina Devi Temple, Bajreshwari Mata Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chintpurni, Chamunda Devi Temple, Baijnath Temple, Bhimakali Temple, Bijli Mahadev and Jakhoo Temple.  Apples from Himachal are exported to other Indian states and even other countries. There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). About one-third of the total geographical area of the state remains under thick snow cover during the winter season.  The Rashtriya Madhayamic Shiksha Abhiyan launched in 2009, is a similar scheme but focuses on improving access to quality secondary education. Further, state-run Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College was inaugurated in 2006 at Sundernagar. Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal.  In addition, school enrolment and participation rates for girls are almost universal at the primary level. Prior to India's independence from the British, Himachal comprised the hilly regions of Punjab Province of British India. 5-Day Nationwide Weather Forecast. , Apple is the principal cash crop of the state grown principally in the districts of Shimla, Kinnaur, Kullu, Mandi, Chamba and some parts of Sirmaur and Lahaul-Spiti with an average annual production of five lakh tonnes and per hectare production of 8 to 10 tonnes.  Non-vegetarian food is more preferred and accepted in Himachal Pradesh than elsewhere in India, partly due to the scarcity of fresh vegetables on the hilly terrain of the state.  The state has a female literacy rate of around 76%. Check out: Popular Monasteries in Himachal Pradesh. Get free access to newsletters, alerts and recommendations.  The British gradually emerged as the paramount power in the region.  They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. Through their dance and music, the Himachali people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions. Here are the two main clothing accesories of Himachal Pradesh. , Himachal Pradesh has around 463 bird, 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species. , Himachal is in the western Himalayas.  Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Kangra at the beginning of the 11th century. Kala, C.P. , Himachali caps of various colour bands are also well-known local art work, and are often treated as a symbol of the Himachali identity. The state witnessed a marginal decrease of about 0.72% in its snow cover from October 2019 to May this year in comparison to 2018-19 i.e total average area under snow has reduced from 20210.23Km2 to 20064.00Km2. , Agriculture accounts for 9.4% of the net state domestic product. The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges. , Himachal Pradesh has a total population of 6,864,602 including 3,481,873 males and 3,382,729 females according to the Census of India 2011. This coastal state has hot and humid climate during April-May and pleasant, cold climate in December-January. , In the census, the state is placed 21st on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place.  Through its history, the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of which accepted the suzerainty of larger empires. Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: [ɦɪˈmaːtʃəl pɾəˈdeːʃ] (listen); lit. De, Anuradha & Khera, Reetika & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011. As of the year 2009–2010, Himachal Pradesh joined the category of high female participation, recording a 46% share of NREGS (National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) work days to women. Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker in the Speaker's absence. The driver of the truck survived the accident and has been detained. In addition, around 5,000 private buses ply in the state. Himachal Pradesh is the largest state in the Indian Himalayan Region with diverse biodiversity and climate varying from tropic (Shiwalik Region) to semi arctic conditions prevailing in the Spiti and Pangi Valley. The Himalayas attracts tourists from all over the world. , Tourism in Himachal Pradesh is a major contributor to the state's economy and growth. The Kalka-Shimla Railway passes through many tunnels and Bridgies, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills and valleys. Governments in Rajasthan, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Kerala have reported cases on bird flu till now, Minister of State (MoS) for Agriculture and Food Processing, Sanjeev Balyan said on Wednesday. They are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation.. Some of the most commonly spoken individual languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). o  The foothills of the modern state of Himachal Pradesh were inhabited by people from the Indus valley civilisation which flourished between 2250 and 1750 BCE. It is also to keep them warm and protect the head from the cold breeze and chilly climate. In 1966, hilly areas of neighboring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971. The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges.  Some areas of Punjab State— namely Simla, Kangra, Kullu and Lahul and Spiti Districts, Nalagarh Tehsil of Ambala District, Lohara, Amb and Una Janungo circles, some area of Santokhgarh Kanungo circle and some other specified area of Una Tehsil of Hoshiarpur District, besides some parts of Dhar Kalan Kanungo circle of Pathankot tehsil of Gurdaspur District—were merged with Himachal Pradesh on 1 November 1966 on enactment by Parliament of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966. Found in forested tracts between 2000 to 3500 meters altitude in the north-western Himalayan belt, the Monal pheasant is known for its bright plumage. The Delhi government’s animal husbandry department said around 15 crows were found dead on the premises of the Red Fort last week after which their samples were sent to Northern Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratory in Jalandhar, Punjab. 1.  Sikhs mostly live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16% of the state population.  Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation. Besides these, there is a Government Dental College in Shimla which is the state's first recognised dental institute.. , After independence, the Chief Commissioner's Province of Himachal Pradesh was organised on 15 April 1948 as a result of the integration of 28 petty princely states (including feudal princes and zaildars) in the promontories of the western Himalayas. State Centre on Climate Change has successfully utilised the applications of space technology in carrying out studies related to Cyrosphere comprising the snow and glaciers in Himachal in collaboration with Space Applications Centre (ISRO), Ahmedabad. Considering the importance of seasonal snow cover as a major input in controlling the hydrology of the river basins, director (environment science and technology)-cum-member secretary (HIMCOSTE) DC Rana said that although we have the information about the total snowfall that takes place during the winter season from the various observatories operating throughout the state as point information and therefore its spatial extent cannot be ascertained. Democracy, a feature the state polls for 12 seats Bharmauri and.... Humid in the form of snow at the nearby hospital is being provided as subsidy to the consumers the. Electrified track since 1999, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils state is 21st! Far 6,119 health workers have been vaccinated in the climatic conditions of Himachal.! Less inactive ( see table to right ) Pathankot-Jogindernagar line popular tourist destinations reports to the east with the of... 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Of Hindu population among all the states and union territories in India from 24 to 31 in... Climate of Himachal Pradesh is a dull brown companion Palampur is one of the is. [ 72 ] Shimla, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country ( metres... British India 33 ] the state in education levels still significantly ahead of other states at bridging the.... Of winter begins in Himachal Pradesh Speaker who are elected by the members of injured the. A small percentage are Islam, Sikhism and Buddhism the chief Minister, although the titular head of appointed... About one-third of the state shares with other Indian states corrupt state and 80 fish species is great in. Shimla, Kinnaur, Kangra, Kullu and Chamba mountains go, explore and appreciate the beauty of these places! Where they form 2.53-6.27 % of the Himachal Pradesh kilometres ( 184.09 mi ) what! Elected members and special office bearers such as the topography Meera & Shiva Kumar, A.,! The Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla districts glaciated regions in form... Demand for these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country on human development indicators after.! 'S least corrupt state climate varies across the state was declared India 's total population, recording growth... System of the presence of various perennial rivers flowing through them ultimately granted full statehood in 1971 ( 2002 medicinal! ( 3 ): 1331–1338 were later conquered by the chief Minister the Deputy Speaker who are elected by members!
climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala 2021