Were there dinosaurs before Adam? The scriptures explain by saying that “when they begin to grow up, sin conceiveth in their hearts” (JST, Genesis 6:56/Moses 6:55). (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1954–56), 1:27. 36 And this Melchizedek, having thus established righteousness, was called the king of heaven by his people, or, in other words, the King of peace. Joseph Smith's Translation Of Genesis 1:1 Acceptance of the Bible by the Mormon Church is qualified by a statement credited to Joseph Smith and which now appears in article eight of the Mormon Articles of Faith, " We believe the Bible to be the word of God as far as it is translated correctly." Robert J. Matthews has pointed out that “most of the revelations dealing with doctrinal subjects [found in the D&C] were revealed to Joseph Smith . The man who studies the stories and message of Genesis without the aid of the Joseph Smith Translation is like unto the captain of a ship who, while viewing the tips of many icebergs (doctrines), tries to estimate their true size and shape without considering all information available and the underlying currents which affect their movement. To whom was he writing? Our current book of Moses is taken from JST, Genesis. What other unique textual contributions are given? for in heaven created I them.”. If you would like the no frames version click here 2. Before considering many unique changes, it might be observed that Joseph Smith’s work anticipates some of the very elements and themes emerging from recently discovered apocryphal texts, including segments about Adam, Enoch, Melchizedek, Abraham, and Joseph, thereby providing additional evidence of Joseph Smith’s prophetic calling. In this regard, we can see a similarity to eighteen verses in Doctrine and Covenants 107. . The Prophet and his contemporaries called it the New Translation, as it is also named in a revelation in the Doctrine and Covenants (D&C 124:89). Did Nephi see this in vision? The translation of the Bible through Joseph Smith must be a major part, if not the direct fulfillment, of this prophecy. Christ suffered for sins and we will return to him if we repent. George A. Horton Jr., “Insights into the Book of Genesis,” in The Joseph Smith Translation: The Restoration of Plain and Precious Truths, ed. . Here Joseph writes into the Bible a “prophecy” predicting that he, Joseph Smith Jr., will be a prophet of God. The Prophet was working on the Genesis portion of the translation on and off during the period of June 1830 to June 1835—the latter date including a period when an additional review was specifically made of Genesis 1 through 5. In it, Joseph Smith desired to restore many of the “plain and precious things taken away from the book, which is the book of the Lamb of God.”(1 Nephi 13:28) Therefore, the clearest example given of biblical prophecy regarding Joseph Smith from the JST is Genesis 50:30-33: And again, a seer will I raise up out of the fruit of thy loins, and unto him will I give power to bring forth … If we go back to the Joseph Smith Translation [hereafter referred to as JST] in the appendix, we will find sixteen more verses of scripture which you did not read.” The questioning look on his face was obvious, but before he could even finish his next question, “What does it say?” I had already closed my book and was putting it back in my briefcase. [8] S. Kent Brown, “The Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible: A Panel,” in Scriptures for the Modern World, ed. Genesis 1:26–27 (JST, Genesis 1:27, 29; Moses 2:26–27). Brigham Young University . Compare verses 40 to 57 with Genesis 5 (or Moses 6) about the Patriarchs: “The order of this priesthood [i.e., Melchizedek] was confirmed to be handed down from father to son, and rightly belongs to the literal descendants of the chosen seed, to whom the promises were made. The Divine Author is easy to recognize, especially in the first part—the premortal Lord Jesus Christ is speaking as the Father by divine investiture of authority. 16. Abraham “rejoiced” rather than “laughed” when told that Sarah would have a child. . When did he write? 4. ... Hat Tip to Joseph Smith. . Easter Conference. We can only wonder to what extent the seeming systematic failure of these topics to be found in the common version of Genesis represents a calculated effort to obscure Satan’s struggle for souls. 801-422-6975. One who is familiar with Genesis in the King James Version (hereafter KJV) is excited when he discovers some almost obscure gospel themes suddenly coming into focus in the JST. Were there pre-Adamites? Joseph Smith, the founder of the Mormon religion, made a number of changes to the King James Bible that is known today as either the Inspired Version or Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible. And men began from that time forth to be carnal, sensual, and devilish” (JST, Genesis 4:13/Moses 5:12–13.) In the JST this is considerably strengthened: “I, the Almighty God, give unto thee a commandment; that thou shalt walk uprightly before me, and be perfect” (emphasis added). G. Eerdmans Publishing Company, n.d.), 1:116. [4] Joseph Fielding Smith, Doctrines of Salvation, 3 vols. To gain valuable insights into Genesis, the place to start is with the book of Moses—in fact, chapter 1. Genesis 50:24-38. D&C 76:15ff. “Every green herb” becomes “every clean herb.”, 3. Melchizedek also, “having been approved of God, he was ordained an high priest after the order of the covenant which God made with Enoch, It being after the order of the Son of God; which order came, not by man, nor the will of man; neither by father nor mother; neither by beginning of days nor end of years; but of God” (JST, Genesis 14:27–28). He was the Lord God who spoke to Adam and all the prophets. Also, they worry that if the universe has an existence independent of God, this undermines basic theology. 39 Wherefore, Abram paid unto him tithes of all that he had, of all the riches which he possessed, which God had given him more than that which he had need. Moses, the eighty-year-old shepherd of Midian, spoke to him “face to face” (Moses 1:2), beheld the world and the end thereof (1:8), was instructed at the time of the burning bush (1:17), received the call to deliver Israel from its long Egyptian bondage (1:6, 26), and was commanded to “write the things which I shall speak” (1:40). What is an intelligence? Unfortunately, the KJV adds to the obscurity of this idea because the translations generally rendered the Hebrew tetragrammaton (i.e., Jod He Vav He) representing Jehovah (or Yahweh) to read Lord (i.e., large capital L and small capitals ord). The Lord God (Jehovah) was their God. “We will have the men, and they daughters also.” The latter was their idea, not Lot’s, contrary to the Genesis account. 8. 2. Adam and Eve taught their children in the ways of the Lord, but Satan prevailed “and they [the children] loved Satan more than God” (JST, Genesis 4:12–13/Moses 5:12–13). 28 It being after the order of the Son of God; which order came, not by man, nor the will of man; neither by father nor mother; neither by beginning of days nor end of years; but of God; 29 And it was delivered unto men by the calling of his own voice, according to his own will, unto as many as believed on his name. Other evidence of an initial restriction comes from Joseph Smith’s response to what seems to have been a 31 July 1832 request by William W. Phelps to publish portions of the Bible translation that had been made to that date. Comprehensive Works Cited Faulring, Scott H., Kent P. Jackson, and Robert J. Matthews, eds. Provo, UT 84602 George A. Horton Jr. was an associate professor of ancient scripture at BYU when this was published. Genesis 5:1 (JST, Genesis 6:5; Moses 6:5). [2] Therefore, when we read the book of Moses we are in reality reading the first chapters of JST, Genesis. Those covenants mentioned directly or indirectly include tithing (Genesis 14:20), priesthood (JST, Genesis 6:7/Moses 6:7), and baptism (Moses 6:52). Consider two examples: 1. Satan wanted to save all mankind and receive God’s honor. He will continue to look for valuable insights wherever they may be found, and be persuaded that the most valuable commentary on the scriptures are the scriptures themselves (e.g., Lehi on the fall of Adam, Alma on the tree of life, Paul on a variety of topics relating to the early patriarchs and covenants). A central claim in Mormon history and doctrine is the assertion that Joseph Smith was able to translate ancient documents into English by the gift and power of God. . Thus we see the perfect justice of God in working with his children for their salvation. What Related Extratextual Sources Are Available? The sons and daughters divided two and two in the land and had children of their own. [9] The Interpreter’s One Volume Commentary on the Bible, 6. And men began from that time forth to be carnal, sensual, and devilish.” (JST, Genesis 4:13/, The consequences of partaking of the fruit are given and then qualified by “nevertheless, thou mayest choose for thyself” (JST, Genesis 2:20–22/, After the Fall, Adam and Eve were taught “the plan of salvation unto all men, through the blood of mine Only Begotten” (JST, Genesis 6:65/, “Because of my transgression,” said Adam, “my eyes are opened, and in this life I shall have joy, and again in the flesh I shall see God” (JST, Genesis 4:10/, Eve “heard all these things, and was glad, saying: Were it not for our transgression we never should have had seed, and never should have known good and evil, and the joy of our redemption, and the eternal life which God giveth unto all the obedient” (JST, Genesis 4:11/. They also were to bring salvation to the rest of Jacob’s house at a time when they were all bowed down in sin. Adam was told to repent, and he in turn called upon his sons to repent. How Is the Book of Moses Related to JST, Genesis? Genesis 1:30 (JST, Genesis 1:32; Moses 2:30). . This reference is best viewed with a frames compatible browser. The order of events in Lot’s interaction with the wicked men of Sodom is changed. The Joseph Smith Translation, also called the Inspired Version of the Holy Scriptures, is a revision of the Bible by Joseph Smith, the founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, who said that the JST/IV was intended to restore what he described as “many important points touching the salvation of men, had been taken from the Bible, or lost before it was compiled.” Smith died before he deemed it complete, though … [1] Joseph Smith, History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, ed. from June 1830 to July 1833, which was exactly the time he was working on the Bible translation. Contrary to the traditional Christian view of being dejected, conscience-smitten, beaten, hanging their heads in shame, and in a general state of hopelessness, when they comprehended the implications of the Fall, Adam and Eve sort of jumped up and clicked their heels. From the Joseph Smith … He is the Only Begotten Son—creator of heaven and earth. JST, Hebrews 7:3; D&C 107:3). Joseph Smith's claim that the word 'Elohim in Genesis 1:1, having a plural ending indicates that there are many gods is completely without merit. I was thrilled when this volume came out. Let us consider eight which are either obscure or completely missing in the KJV: The single most important concept to grasp in a study of Genesis is the role and mission of Jesus Christ (known in his preexistent state as Jehovah). However, the seeric gift was not limited to translation, hence Ammon’s additional statement “that a seer is a revelator and a prophet also” (Mosiah 8:16). Who was the prophet-scribe? The Gospel of Jesus Christ Was Taught From the Beginning. 27 And thus, having been approved of God, he was ordained an high priest after the order of the covenant which God made with Enoch. As custodian of the covenant, Israel had the responsibility to share it with all of Adam’s other children. The man who studies Genesis with the aid of the JST is like unto a ship’s captain who, while viewing many majestically beautiful icebergs (doctrines) floating in a vast ocean (the everlasting gospel), seeks all the information available (from the standard works and teachings of the modern prophets) as to their true size, shape, and direction. It was prepared by Orson Pratt in 1878 as he edited the Pearl of Great Price to be presented in the general conference of the Church. This also explains why the Lord was grieved when Noah’s daughters accepted marriage proposals from the sons of men (i.e., those who would not hearken) (JST, Genesis 8:3/Moses 8:15. Before considering the great gospel themes which become plain in the JST, one other preliminary observation could be made to emphasize the large amount of additional scripture that it makes available. Lot’s incestuous daughters “did wickedly.”. [1], Our current book of Moses (2:1–8:30) is an almost verbatim copy of the JST, Genesis 1:1–8:18 (covering King James Version Genesis 1:1–6:13). The big choice placed before Adam and Eve, their children, and grandchildren is identical to ours. One of the most significant dimensions of this quest for insights is represented by sources that are not actually in the JST itself, but which might be considered an extension of it. His ship (the good ship Private Interpretation) will surely be on a collision course—he will miscalculate, and if he does not make the proper corrections may, like the Titanic, sink unto the depths of faulty interpretation and misunderstanding from which it is difficult to return. The indications that at least part of this revelation was received while Joseph was studying the lives of these ancient patriarchs is very persuasive. 13. Undoubtedly there were others who chose the path of faith and obedience, but the sacred records reflect that many in Adam’s generation did not enthusiastically lean toward spiritual things. If he applies his knowledge properly, his ship (the good ship Inspired Interpretation) will surely sail safely through difficult waters to the blissful shore. Then the revelation continues to indicate at what age and by whom each of the patriarchs was ordained, down to and including Noah (see D&C 107:44–52). Grant Building The Rabbis who prefer the traditional “ex-nihilo” translation of Genesis suggest this “better” translation implies God built his kingdom on a dung hill. Monte S. Nyman and Robert L. Millet (Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1985), 51–70. Therefore, one can read Genesis without recognizing that Jehovah (or Jesus Christ) is on almost every page. Additional information includes: Enoch’s speech and vision; the translation of the city of Zion; that many others were later translated before the flood; the great wickedness of Enoch’s time surpassed that among the Lord’s other creations; the city of Zion and the New Jerusalem are to be joined together; and a millennium of peace is foretold. If we organized all the scriptures chronologically (in parallel columns) so the scriptural story could be read as completely as possible, we might be mildly shocked at Genesis 5:21–24 (the Enoch material), when instead of five or ten or even twenty-five additional verses in the JST, there are 111 consecutive verses with no counterpart in the common edition of Genesis. GENESIS 1:1 IN THE JOSEPH SMITH TRANSLATION/BOOK OF MOSES On 26 March 1830, scarcely two months after the Book of Mormon arrived at Egbert B. Grandin’s bookstore, Joseph Smith was in hot pursuit of his second great revelational project, the “Inspired Version,” also called the Joseph Smith Translation (= JST). He finished the chapter, slowly closed the book, and began to gaze out the window. To the expression “every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew” is added, “For I, the Lord God, created all things, of which I have spoken, spiritually, before they were naturally upon the face of the earth . The “hand” was involved in making the covenant rather than the “thigh.”. Was Adam brought from another planet? Most of the Christian world, with the help of a few assumptions, reaches the following conclusions: Adam and Eve both openly rebelled against God and committed a wicked, evil sin—undoubtedly breaking the law of chastity. Did you know that you skipped over sixteen complete verses of scripture that you didn’t even read?”, Reaching into my briefcase, I pulled out my new KJV, LDS Edition. Genesis 50:31 in the Joseph Smith Translation and II Nephi 3:12 say the biblical Joseph’s descendants are to write scripture (LDS say it is the Book of Mormon) and Judah’s descendants were also to write scripture (the Bible) and those two books would end false doctrines, contentions and bring peace to Joseph’s descendants. The Lord revealed to Joseph Smith the experience Moses had when he (Moses) “was caught up into an exceedingly high mountain, And he saw God face to face, and he talked with him” (Moses 1:1–2). 7. His well-worn Bible appeared to be one of the old black-covered Cambridge missionary editions, and he was reading Genesis 14. This reinforces the apostle Paul’s statement that “Jesus Christ [is] the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever” (Hebrews 13:8). Having sampled the main course, let’s go back and pick here and there at the relish plate. What about organic evolution? Genesis 5:22–23 (JST, Genesis 6:21–7:78; Moses 6:21–7:69). . Genesis 14:24 (JST, Genesis 14:25–40). Genesis 24:2, 9 (JST, Genesis 24:2, 8). For a more detailed discussion of these and other examples, see: The Joseph Smith Translation and 2 Samuel 12:13; The Joseph Smith Translation and John 1:1 “But behold, Cain hearkened not, saying: Who is the Lord that I should know him? One afternoon, shortly after the “new” King James Version, LDS Edition came out, I boarded the Wasatch Boulevard bus going south on State Street in Salt Lake City and found that there was only one seat vacant—right in the middle of the back row. Men were to make offerings in similitude of his atoning sacrifice. The Joseph Smith Translation (JST) of the Bible, also known as the Inspired Version (IV), was written by Joseph from 1830 to 1833. . It was Abimelech and his captain, not Abraham, that planted a grove in Beersheba. The featured speakers will talk about the Savior, his life, his mission, the Atonement, and his influence in our lives today. In no other place in scripture is the need to repent more consistently emphasized than in the JST. [7] Interpreter’s One Volume Commentary, 7. Our eighth article of faith states that “we believe the Bible to be the word of God, as far as it is translated correctly.” Joseph, in relating this belief, stated: . In most of the passages there is an emphasis on the fact that man becomes that way, clearly implying he was not so to begin with. [3] “The Earth and Man,” 9 August 1931, reprinted in Deseret News, 12 November 1931. “The sins of the parents [e.g., Adam and Eve] cannot be answered upon the heads of the children, for they are whole from the foundation of the world” (JST, Genesis 6:56/, Man’s nature is not fallen to begin with, but “they loved Satan more than God. . Figure 2. Grandsons Ephraim and Manasseh were adopted like sons to Jacob with the same standing as his own twelve sons. Whether one believes him or not, the discussion has focused on whether Smith's English texts represent literal translations of extant source documents. If the Lord intended to reveal the specific details of creation there seems to be a great defect in the present record. After the bus had gone a few blocks, I noticed the person next to me was reading his Bible. 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